Get DOI for your Book, Report and Articles

 The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is a unique alphanumeric string assigned to a digital document, such as a research paper, article, or any other form of intellectual property, to provide a permanent link to its location on the internet. The DOI system was developed to address the challenges of citing and accessing online resources reliably, ensuring that digital content remains persistently accessible over time.

One of the primary purposes of the DOI is to overcome the limitations of traditional URL links. URLs can be subject to changes, resulting in broken links and rendering the information inaccessible. Additionally, content may be moved or deleted, making it difficult for researchers, scholars, and the general public to locate and reference specific digital resources. The DOI system mitigates these issues by providing a stable and permanent link that redirects users to the correct location, even if the digital content has been moved or the URL has changed.

The structure of a DOI typically consists of a prefix, a slash ("/"), and a suffix. The prefix identifies the registrant, usually an organization or publisher, while the suffix is a unique alphanumeric code assigned to a specific document. For example, a DOI might look like "10.1234/example." The DOI prefix is registered with a DOI registration agency, which ensures the uniqueness and persistence of the identifier.

One of the key advantages of the DOI system is its role in scholarly communication. Academic publishers, institutions, and organizations widely adopt DOIs to uniquely identify and cite scholarly articles and research papers. This standardized approach enhances the accuracy and efficiency of referencing, allowing researchers to locate and cite sources with confidence. This is particularly crucial in the digital age, where a vast amount of scholarly content is accessible online.

The DOI also facilitates the tracking and measurement of scholarly impact. Many academic databases and citation management tools integrate DOIs, enabling researchers to analyze citation patterns and assess the influence of specific works. This contributes to the transparency and reproducibility of research, as scholars can easily trace the lineage of ideas and build upon existing knowledge.

Furthermore, the DOI system extends beyond academic literature. It is widely used in various industries, including publishing, government, and cultural institutions, to uniquely identify and link digital resources. This broad adoption ensures the interoperability and longevity of the DOI standard across different domains.

The DOI system has become an integral part of the digital infrastructure, contributing to the efficiency, accessibility, and reliability of online information. As technology continues to advance, and the volume of digital content grows, the DOI system plays a crucial role in preserving the integrity of scholarly communication and ensuring the long-term accessibility of digital resources. It has become a cornerstone in the digital landscape, providing a robust solution to the challenges posed by the dynamic and evolving nature of online information. In essence, the DOI is a linchpin in the bridge between the analog and digital worlds, offering stability and permanence in an ever-changing digital environment.

How to Cite DOI

Citing a DOI in a citation follows a standardized format, and the exact style may depend on the citation style you are using (e.g., APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.). However, the general principles are consistent across most citation styles. Below are examples for citing a DOI in the APA, MLA, and Chicago styles:

  1. APA Style:

    • Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of the article. Title of the Journal, volume number(issue number), page range. DOI


    • Smith, J. A., Johnson, M. B., & Williams, R. C. (2019). The impact of climate change on biodiversity. Environmental Science, 45(3), 123-145.
  2. MLA Style:

    • Author(s). "Title of the Article." Title of the Journal, vol. number, no. number, Year, page range. Name of the database or URL. DOI or URL.


    • Smith, John A., et al. "The Impact of Climate Change on Biodiversity." Environmental Science, vol. 45, no. 3, 2019, pp. 123-145. Wiley Online Library,
  3. Chicago Style:

    • Author(s). "Title of the Article." Title of the Journal volume number (year): page range. DOI or URL.


    • Smith, John A., Mary B. Johnson, and Robert C. Williams. "The Impact of Climate Change on Biodiversity." Environmental Science 45 (2019): 123-145.

Remember to replace "Author," "Title of the Article," "Title of the Journal," etc., with the actual details from your source. If a DOI is not available, you can provide the direct URL of the article. Always consult the specific guidelines of the citation style you are using, as there may be variations or updates to the format.