ESG investing also called socially responsible investing and impact investing is a type of investment made by large corporates which prioritizes environmental, social, and governance outcomes. This type of investment is the need of the hour, which highlights sustainable investment. The investment is based on the universal fact that organizational growth and financial performance is due to environmental and social factors. 

ESG investing has started to gain popularity in India. This is a way of investing in companies based on their commitment to the ESG factors. 

ESG (Environmental, Social, and Governance) investing is an approach that considers not only financial returns but also the impact of investments on society, the environment, and corporate behavior. Here's a breakdown of each component:

  1. Environmental Factors (E): This includes considerations related to a company's impact on the environment. ESG investors look at how a company manages its carbon footprint, energy efficiency, waste management, water usage, and its overall environmental sustainability practices.

  2. Social Factors (S): Social considerations involve how a company manages relationships with its employees, communities, customers, and suppliers. It includes aspects like labor standards, diversity and inclusion, human rights, employee relations, and the company’s impact on local communities.

  3. Governance Factors (G): Governance focuses on the leadership, structure, and policies that guide a company. It includes issues such as board diversity, executive compensation, transparency, ethical business practices, and the presence of anti-corruption measures.

ESG investing aims to align investments with ethical and sustainability goals while seeking competitive financial returns. Investors choose companies or funds based on their ESG performance, seeking those with strong sustainability practices, ethical business conduct, and positive societal impacts.

The growth of ESG investing reflects a shift in investor preferences, with more individuals and institutions seeking to support companies that align with their values and contribute positively to society and the environment.

However, challenges exist, including the lack of standardized ESG metrics, varying definitions and interpretations of ESG factors, and the need for more comprehensive and transparent reporting by companies regarding their ESG practices.

Overall, ESG investing represents a growing trend where financial decisions are influenced not just by potential returns, but also by a company’s impact on the world around it.