Swami Vivekanand : Small Introduction to a big personality

Swami Vivekananda was a renowned and influential spiritual teacher of Vedanta. His real name was Narendra Nath Dutt. He represented Sanatan Dharma on behalf of India in the World Dharma Mahasabha held in 1893 in Chicago, USA. The Vedanta of India reached every country in America and Europe only because of the oratory of Swami Vivekananda. He had established the Ramakrishna Mission which is still doing its work. He was an able disciple of Ramakrishna Paramhansa. He is best known for opening his speech with "My American Brothers and Sisters". This first sentence of his address won everyone's heart.

Early Life:

Narendra's primary education took place at home, after which he went to study at many places. Swami Vivekananda was fond of wrestling, boxing, running, horse racing, swimming, his health was very good, due to his beautiful and attractive personality, people would keep looking at him mesmerized, the house upper father would have a discussion with the wise men, Narendra participated in that discussion. Taking and surprising everyone with his thoughts, he got the education of B.A, by this time he had studied Indian culture after him.

With the study of philosophical thoughts, the desire to know the truth started awakening in his mind. After some time, Narendra realized that he could not get the right guidance without a qualified guru, because while on the one hand he had an innate tendency towards spirituality, he had an equally intelligent logical nature, in such a situation he was attracted towards the Brahmo Samaj. Narendra's question was whether God exists, for the solution of this question, he met many people but could not get the solution.

The atmosphere of Swami Vivekananda's house was very religious. In the afternoon, all the women of the house would sit and talk about the story, Narendra would listen to this story with great interest. In childhood, Narendra had memorized many episodes of Mahabharata, Ramayana and some hymns. walked .


Once a foreign friend of Swami Vivekananda requested to meet his Guru Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa and said that he wanted to meet the great man who created a great personality like you. When Swami Vivekananda introduced that friend to his guru, that friend was surprised to see the outfit of Swami Ramakrishna Paramahansa and said - "How can this person be your guru, he does not even have a way of dressing." So Swami Vivekananda said with great humility - "Friend, a TAILOR builds CHARACTER in your country, but in our country CHARACTER is built by ETHICS."

As a young man, he had to go through a deep conflict because of the atheistic materialism of the Western philosophers and the firm Indian belief in the existence of God. A jeweler like Paramhans ji tested the gem. The touch of that divine great man changed Narendra. It was around this time that he met his guru, Ramakrishna, who first convinced him that God really exists and that man can find God. Ramakrishna guided Narendra in attaining the supreme realization of God as the all-pervading Absolute Truth and taught him that service should never be a charity, but the conscious worship of the God inherent in all humanity.

This sermon became the main philosophy of Vivekananda's life. It is said that because of that shaktipat, Narendra remained frantic for a few days. He was given self-realization by the Guru. At the age of twenty-five, Narendra Dutt wore Kashayavastra. Inspired by his guru, Narendranath took initiation to lead a sanyasi life and became known as Swami Vivekananda. He had to present the light of life to the creatures wandering in the darkness of the world. Swami Vivekananda traveled all over India on foot.

Love for the Country:

After Ramakrishna's death, he tried to immerse himself in the ocean of contemplation in the Himalayas, but soon he left it and set out on a tour across India to interview India's crippling poverty and rebuild the country. During this he also had to starve for several days. During these six years of travel, he was the guest of both the kings and the Dalits.

His great journey culminated in Kanyakumari, where the meditative Vivekananda came to know that only by awakening the dormant divinity of the new Indian recluse and all souls, especially the common man, who are inclined towards national reconstruction, life can be infused in this dying country. His passion for the reconstruction of India eventually led him to attend the Chicago Parliament of Religions in 1893, where he had gone uninvited, making it difficult for him to be allowed to enter the council. Every effort was made to ensure that they do not get time.

The work that Swami Vivekananda accomplished in his short life span of forty-nine years will continue to guide generations for many centuries to come. At the age of thirty, Swami Vivekananda represented Hinduism at the World Conference of Religions in Chicago, USA and brought it universal recognition. Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore once said, “If you want to know India, read Vivekananda. In them you will find everything positive, nothing negative.

Romain Rolland said of him, "It is impossible to even imagine that he is second. Wherever he went, he was the first. Everyone would refer to their leader in them. He was the representative of God and it was his specialty to achieve sovereignty over all. Once in the Himalayan region, an unknown traveler stopped by seeing him and shouted in amazement, 'Shiva!' It was as if the deity of that person had given his name. written on his forehead.


1. Tell people what is true, boldly and boldly – ​​do not pay attention to whether it hurts anyone or not. Never give shelter to weakness. If the light of truth seems to the 'intelligent' man to be too bright, and drives them away, let them be carried away—the sooner they are carried away, the better.

2. Only God can achieve God. All are living Gods – look at all with this attitude. Study man, man is living poetry. All the Jesus or Buddhas in the world are astrologers with our light. If you leave this flame, all of them will not be able to live any more for us, they will die. You stay on your soul.

3. The human body is the supreme body, and man is the supreme being, because it is only in this human body and in this birth that we can be completely out of this relative world—certainly we can attain the state of liberation, and this Liberation is our ultimate goal.

4. One after the other appears in all these great men – in the end, the ultimate result of their power emerges such a powerful person who imparts education to the world.

5. Apart from the liberation-benefit, which higher state can be availed? Angels never do any bad deeds, so they never get punished, so they cannot be free. It is the worldly push that wakes us up, it helps in breaking this world-dream. It is such constant trauma that awakens our desire to get rid of this world, that is, to gain liberation.


Vivekananda's eloquent and succinct lectures are famous all over the world. On the last day of his life he explained the Shukla Yajurveda and said - "One more Vivekananda is needed, to understand what this Vivekananda has done so far." According to his disciples, even on the last day of his life, on July 4, 1902, he did not change his meditation routine and meditated for two to three hours in the morning and took Mahasamadhi after breaking his Brahmarandhra in the meditative state itself.

He was cremated on a sandal pyre on the banks of the Ganges at Belur. On the other side of this Ganges, the last rites of his guru Ramakrishna Paramhansa were performed sixteen years ago. His disciples and followers built a temple there in his memory and established more than 130 centers to spread the messages of Vivekananda and his guru Ramakrishna all over the world.