To save tigers, we need to protect the
forest habitats across Asia where they live. By saving biologically diverse
places, we allow tigers to roam and preserve the many other endangered species
that live there. As a large predator, the tiger plays a key role in maintaining
healthy ecosystems.

Reason For Tiger Disappearing

Deforestation loss of Habitat

Forests are being cut down for various
purposes like paper, palm, housing, furniture, firewood. Deforestation has been
the cause of a truly massive number of species extinction in modern times and
historical times. It always lacks the large biodiversity of its previous state.
With the disappearance of the original forest, many species go extinct, and
many that don’t lose a great deal of their genetic diversity and variation.

Tiger’s skin

Consumers demand for tiger body parts
poses the largest threat to the tiger. Tigers are being illegally hunted for
their skin, bones, teeth, nails, etc. which are highly valuable for medicinal
use and remedies. In the past 10 years over 1000 tigers are hunted to meet the
consumer demand. Chinese people use tiger skin and other body parts for
medicinal use and black magic with the disappearance of the original forest,
many species go extinct, and many that don’t lose a great deal of their genetic
diversity and variation.

Spread of disease among tiger population

There is certain disease that spread like
an epidemic. Diseases like Feline Panleukopenia, Tuberculosis, Sarcocystis have
to lead to endangered of tigers. Health Management of wildlife is neglecting.

Loss of Habitat

Tigers need an intact habitat in order to
live. They like to live in the depth of the thick forests. 100 sq km area is
sufficient to survive about 15 to 16 tigers. Males’ tigers run throughout the
forests to hunt and mate. Thus habitat loss causes birth rate and lowers
overall survive.

It is mainly found on the continent of
Asia. A decade ago, tigers were hunted for their skin and other body bones, so
the Indian government declared the tiger a national animal.

Conservation Status on Save Tigers

 Tigers require an extremely large habitat
to hunt prey and raise their young. Moreover, tigers are solitary animals,
which means they generally live alone. Tiger cubs usually stay with their
mother for about two years before venturing out to establish territories of
their own. Tigers used to be more widespread before man started to encroach its
habitat. In fact, the current habitat of tigers is severely dwindled, with an
estimated 93% lost in the last few decades. Consequently, the tiger is now
listed as an endangered species by the IUCN Red List. For perspective, at the
start of the 20th century, an estimated 100,000 individuals had existed in the
wild. Today, that number is less than 4,000. If humans continue with their
destructive actions, tigers may become extinct.

How To Protect Tigers?

With the population of tigers dwindling at
an alarming rate, many countries across the world have launched campaigns that
are designed to help increase the tiger population. One of the most important
campaigns launched by India is the Project Tiger, which was launched by the
first woman prime minister of India – Indira Gandhi. The project was very
successful in its endeavour, tripping the number of Bengal tigers from 1,200
(1973) to 3,500 (1990). However, the numbers have significantly reduced again
due to poaching.